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What? Texas has the most Gorgeous Reefs in Continental U.S?

Talk about your hidden gems~

“What? Texas has the most Gorgeous Reefs in Continental U.S?”  Yes! They are right off the coast, south of Sabine Pass. What about all those oil wells and that nasty spill? Well the “Flower Gardens Marine Sanctuary” reef system is doing just fine and looking quite well in all its colorful splendor. This system is one of the most important coral reef systems in the world because of its widespread diversity and spawning capabilities. The Gulf of Mexico’s Flower Gardens is a veritable Garden of Eden, as reefs go.

Only discovered in the late 19th century, this reef system is still largely unknown to the nations general population.  Local Texas and Louisiana Divers have been going there for over a quarter of a century, as a popular hotspot. The name came from grouper and snapper fisherman who could see the colorful coral beneath their boats, which resembled a beautiful sprawling flower garden. The reef is more than 170 feet deep in places and there are several reefs in the system. A few of the reefs are continuously connected by a low ridge of reefs near the base, which has just recently been discovered. This lower segments of the reef have now begun to be explored. This reef is teeming with life of all varieties. On any given day, you will find almost 300 species of fish, 1 different species of crustaceans, 4 types of sponges and a huge variety of sharks, rays and skates. The Sea Turtle is a regular resident of this interesting underwater community, as well as the famous Whale Shark. Giant Manta Rays can also be found there.

If you have not checked into this unbelievable natural resource for your family and friends to visit you may book a trip at the links supplied by NOAA below or simply watch a movie about it. Everyone needs to know about this amazing national marine sanctuary that has remained virtually hidden from the public’s eye for more than 100 years. Click on the sites below and do a little exploring of your own. This is a great place to visit and learn about.


To Book a Trip to the Flower Gardens…………….Click Here

To watch a Video on the Flower Gardens………………Click Here

Gulf of Mexico Artificial Reefs

Who Knew?!? Texas has an extensive Gulf of Mexico Artificial Reefs program dating all the way back to the 1990’s. It was specifically designed to promote, develop, maintain, monitor and enhance the artificial reef potential of Texas offshore waters.

How does the Gulf benefit from these artificial reefs you ask? Well, natural coral reefs in tropical systems are normally found in shallow and warm water environments where the sun can penetrate them. The Gulf coast near Texas is much cooler, sometimes dropping to 60 degrees in the winter. The murkier water keeps the sun from penetrating it very well. This is a bad combination for a natural reef system to survive in, let alone thrive.

The Gulf of Mexico is home to thousands of plants and animals that desperately need an environment to cling to so that they can fulfill their life cycles. The Gulf has very few naturally occurring reef systems, such as the Flower Gardens near the coast of Galveston.  This artificial reef program gives invertebrates, corals, sponges, clams, crabs, jellyfish, hydroids and also bryozoans the hard surface they require grow and reproduce in. Even more importantly their energy then provides for others in the food chain. This creates a thriving culture in species such as snapper, grouper, mackerel, sharks and many more. Also, divers, anglers, spear-fisherman and many others then enjoy the benefits of these larger species as they provide enjoyment and food for years to come.

Here is more on the program at the TPWD website……………………..Click Here

The Amazing Chaparral 307 SSX

This is the latest highly developed masterpiece by Chaparral, which has a distinctive profile. The style of this model features items which the marketplace strongly desires. She looks and rides like a speed machine. There is so much more to this particular boat than looks, come try it out today at Texas Marine.

Key Feature

  • 8 Stainless pull up cleats
  • Sound system with CD player and USB and MP3 plug
  • Custom color coordinated painted aluminum arch tower
  • Carry on 36 qt. cooler with dedicated storage
  • Cockpit table with storage and side mount bases
  • Convertible rear “sun lounge” seating
  • U-shaped port aft lounge seating with storage
  • Custom leather polished spoke tilt steering wheel with cover
  • Gelcoat in Black, Biscayne Blue, Roulette Red, Teak or Stealth Gray

Recreational Red Snapper Fishing in the Gulf

The management of the recreational fishing sector in the Gulf of Mexico is a mess. It has failed recreational anglers according to reports from the Coastal Conservation Association. There will 11147872_776923422422171_2598015672416380364_nbe more Red Snapper available in 2015 than at any other time in our history because of new regulations. However, individual anglers will not be allowed to share in this success. The Fishery Management Council for the Gulf of Mexico has approved “Amendment 40” which is a scheme calling for Sector Separation by the Secretary of Commerce.  It proposes to take 1/2 of the recreational quota for Red Snapper and reserve it solely for the commercial charter boat industry to use. It is the first in a several step process to enact a catch share program for the charter and for-hire industry. It is similar to the commercial Red Snapper sector where fewer than 400 individuals own 51% of the entire fishery.

This has been an extremely divisive measure by the Gulf Council and filled with controversy. The CCA has opposed the measure particularly because of that. They also11350606_776901669091013_6003887394870285693_n issued scathing report on why it is unacceptable. The public comment coming in so far is overwhelmingly against the scheme. The Council and NOAA all but ignored the publics concerns. Now is the time to take action says CCA and stop the privatization of public marine resources.  You can go to www.joincca.org/notoamendment40 and tell the Secretary of State we need a comprehensive fix for the entire recreational sector not just a few select persons.

Southeast Texas Artist: Ernest Bost

1452533_682108688487152_2122262884_n (Mobile)Southeast Texas Artist: Ernest Bost is quite successful these days and has been painting and drawing for decades now. He has had commissions for his work from as far away as Virginia and North Carolina. He graduated from Lamar University with a degree in commercial art in 1964. Afterwards, he began freelancing his art while working in the accounting department at Texaco.

As the years flew by, he continued painting at leisure while working. He was eventually able to take an early retirement from Texaco. He then moved back to S.E. Texas returning to his first love-art! He then began to get commissions from all over the U.S. In the last few years he started painting houses for local Realtors, to give as closing gifts. This became quite popular and he is still doing that very successfully today.

drawingErnest also paints portrait art exceptionally well, a notoriously hard subject to paint. His portrait art is so good that it is often hard to determine if it is a photograph or a painting. He just finished a six-foot mural of Jesus and Martha for the McCabe Roberts Avenue Methodist church in Beaumont. He also enjoys painting biblical scenes for church baptisteries. He recently painted a series of paintings for Coburn Supply and one for Vins Paint and Body, local businesses.

Our favorite is his beautiful landscapes. He is an exceptional outdoor artist also. He can workOurdoor Art I with all media-oils, watercolors, acrylics, charcoal and more. His favorites are pastels and inks. When he paints he describes what professional athletes call “getting in the zone,” he paints all night. He has no concept of time when he is painting and by daybreak many times has a beautiful work of art. If you have never see his work or would like to commission this artist to do a piece for you check out his Facebook Page………..Click Here.

Texas & Louisiana Shipwreck Series

ee4d30f09b64cb34e47ddeb3e7b8afb8This “Texas & Louisiana Shipwreck Series” will address many of the locations and historical facts on known shipwrecks, near the Texas and Louisiana coast. This is the first of a series on this subject. Below is a general list to quickly summarize what this blog will be about in future postings. Stay tuned….


A steam yacht sunk in the Viosca Knoll area.

La Belle
1686-A barque longue of French explorer “La Salle expedition,” that ran aground in Matagorda Bay.

City of Waco
9 November 1875-The Mallory Line (New York) Steamer sunk after a fire aboard off Galveston. 56 lives were lost.

USS Elizabeth
15 November 1918-A patrol vessel that was wrecked at the mouth of the Brazos River.

SS Grandcamp
16 April 1947-Accidental detonation of 2,300 tons of Ammonium Nitrate aboard this French-registered vessel killed 581 people in the Texas City disaster.

13 May 1942-A fuel tanker torpedoed by U-boat U-506. 72f0ca9fc6bf5c52ba493482d37e5f05

Hannah Elizabeth
19 November 1835-Two-masted schooner sunk near Pass Cavallo.

USS Hatteras
11 January 1863-A US Navy gunboat sunk by CSS Alabama off Galveston during the American Civil War.

1943-A United Fruit Company freighter torpedoed by a submarine.

A steamship that ran aground at Aransas Pass.

SS Nicaragua
16 October 1912-Ran aground on Padre Island for this location.

26 July 1942-A Mexican freighter torpedoed by U-171 near Port O’Connor.

OMI Charger
9 October 1993-An oil tanker that exploded near Galveston. Scheherazade An oil tanker sunk by a torpedo.

Monterrey Shipwrecks
200 years old (apprx. 1800)-3 Privateer ships in a convoy off the coast of Galveston discovered by a Shell Oil exploration crew and excavated by Texas A&M and NOAA on the Nautilus in 2011



CSS Arkansas
6 August 1862-An ironclad warship scuttled in the Battle of Baton Rouge.

USS Carolina
27 December 1814-A schooner sunk by British forces near New Orleans.

El Cazador
1784-A Spanish Brig carrying silver currency, sank 50 miles (80 km) south of New Orleans, discovered by a fishing trawler in 1993.

USS Covington (1863)
5 May 1864-A Gunboat that was scuttled to prevent capture off Alexandria, Louisiana”

CSS Governor Moore
24 April 1862-A Gunboat that took heavy damage in the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip and was scuttled to prevent capture.

USS Lancaster
25 March 1863-A Steamboat that was sunk by Confederate forces off Port Hudson, Louisiana.

CSS Louisiana
28 April 1862-An Ironclad that burned, exploded, and sunk near Fort St. Phillip on the Mississippi River.

CSS Manassas
24 April 1862-An Ironclad Warship that was run aground by USS Mississippi in the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Phillip.

28 April 1862-A Gunboat that took heavy damage in a battle with USS Iroquois and was scuttled off Algiers, NY sunk in a hurricane off the coast.

SS Robert E. Lee
30 July 1942-A passenger freighter torpedoed by U-166.

USS Signal
April 1864-A Gunboat that was scuttled to prevent capture off Alexandria, Louisiana.

30 July 1942-A German U-boat sunk by a depth charge from a US Navy patrol boat.

USS Varuna
24 April 1862-A steamship that sank in the Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Phillip.

SCGC White Alder
7 December 1968-A coastal buoy tender sunk in the Mississippi River near White Castle following a collision.

Pelican Island Bay Galveston

Pelican Island Bay Galveston is a great little fishing area. However, it is so much more than that. The Island itself has a rich and historical past. Pelican Spit was merged with Pelican Island to form what visitors see today. This was the location of Fort Jackson and a famous battle during the Civil War. Today it houses Texas A&M @ Galveston, Seawolf Park and a USCG facility. For the most part it has remained a Pelican and Bird unofficial habitat. This island has also been a unregulated portPelican Island of entry for many immigrants beginning in the 1830s, leading to several outbreaks of yellow fever. The young city instituted quarantine measures in 1839 and the site officially become a quarantine facility. The quarantine facility was destroyed in hurricanes and rebuilt many times. It remained a quarantine facility off and on until the 1950s.

As you come near Pelican Island Bay area you will see the SS Selma partially submerged near Seawolf Park. Steel shortages during World War I led the U.S to build experimental c\oncrete ships, the largest of which was the SS Selma. It has long been the object of failed plans to convert it into an oyster farm, fishing pier, Pelican Island Ipleasure resort and more. Scientists still continue to study the ship because of its unique concrete construction.

Also, 150 years ago next month the Battle of Galveston took place in the bay area there, as well as, the entire island. By the end of the battle, 26 Confederates had been killed and 117 wounded. About twice that many U.S. Federal forces died in the conflict. The Union’s showcase vessel and nearly 400 men were captured. More importantly for the Texans, however, was that their victory restored control of Galveston to the Confederacy, where it would remain for the balance of the war. Next time you take a trip to Galveston, do not forget to make a stop at this fascinating little piece of Southeast Texas history. It will make a great side excursions to your day.

Texas Marine Team

Mary Brocato, famously known as “Bedazzled”
Service Department Manager and “Communication Specialist” (wink)

Mary was born and raised in the Golden Triangle. She is married and loves spending time with her family. She has four kids, two grandchildren and is anxiously awaiting the arrival of one more very soon. Mary is the Service Department Manager and a full time employee at Texas Marine. Mary has been with Texas Marine for 3 years and has earned a Service Writer certificate.

In case you had not realized it before, Texas Marine has a fully functional service department inside all three dealerships. The Service Center team includes the best and most knowledgeable specialists in the area. Mary has three boats, of her own, she takes care of. This means, whatever your issues are she has probably experienced them in some capacity. She is excellent at facilitating a solution for your boat dilemmas. Her favorite hobbies include: fishing, water activities, dancing and just about anything Cajun related. She is very artistic and absolutely loves a good conversation.

Come let Texas Marine Service Center help you the next time you are in the market for a quick fix or a complicated mechanical issue. Mary can help make the inconvenience of a boat breaking down into an opportunity to successfully resolve the issue.

Texas Marine Team

Kera Smith, better known as “Kera with a K”
Parts Department Aficionado

Kera was born and raised right here in Southeast Texas. She is married with a son and a dog. She likes to tell everyone “that is more than enough for me.” Kera is a full time employee in the parts department at Texas Marine. In case you had not realized it before, Texas Marine has one of the largest parts and accessories departments in Southeast Texas. Kera is a quick study and has won numerous “Sea Star” training awards during her time with Texas Marine. The parts department team includes some of the best and most knowledgeable staff around. They would love to help you with your boating needs. Texas Marine stocks everything you could want or need for your boating lifestyle. From fishfinders to props, Kera Smith can help you analyze and locate whatever it is you need. Her hobbies include plenty of reading and she loves learning new things. Let Texas Marine parts department help you the next time you are looking for that precise part to prepare for your next outing.


A Fishing Glossary (M-Z)

Mayfly – A small aquatic fly that is an important food for trout, which means it is also important for fly-anglers.
Marker Buoy – A small plastic buoy, often fluorescent color that is tossed into the water to mark a fish holding area or a school of fish. Such buoys are popular for those fishing schooling sport-fish, such as crappie, white bass, or striped bass, in open water.
Mealworms – Small beetle larvae often used for catching crappies or sunfish.
Mepps Spinners – A brand name in-line spinner.
Mesotrophic — A lake classification describing middle-aged bodies of water between oligotrophic (young) and eutrophic (old) classifications. It is a body of water with a moderate amount of dissolved nutrients.
Migration Route – The path followed by bass or other fish when moving from one area to another.
Milfoil – Surface-growing aquatic plants.
Mini-Jig – A small leadhead jig, usually 1/16- or 1/32-ounce, often used for catching crappie or sunfish.
Mono – Short for monofilament fishing line.
Monofilament – A single, untwisted, synthetic filament.
Moon Times – The four phases or quarters of the moon are usually what the fisherman is concerned with. Generally, the bad times in a month occur three days prior and three days after the full moon or new moon. The first-quarter and second-quarter periods are considered as the good moon times.

Nares – The nostrils of fish.
Nest – The spot in where are fish, such as a largemouth bass or bluegill, deposits its eggs. Some nests, such as those for largemouth bass, can be well defined. For largemouth bass, the female lays the eggs and the male guards the eggs. See the listing for “redd.”
Night Crawler – A common type of worm used in fishing.
Night-Fisherman – An angler who fishes at night.
Nongame Fish – Include all the species of fish except the game fish (see game fish entry).
Nonnative Fish – A fish that is not native to Arizona.
Nymph – The nymphal sate of an aquatic insect, or an imitation of same for nymph-fishing.

Off-Color – Refers to the color and or clarity of the water. The normal off-color conditions include brown or mud-stained such as from runoff, green from algae or algae blooms and brown from tannic acid.
Open-Faced Reel – A typical or standard spinning reel in which the line comes off the fixed spool in loops and there is no nose cone.
Otolith – The ear bone of a fish. The age of a fish can be determined by counting the layers in the otolith, much like the rings of a tree.
Outside Bend – The outside line of a creek channel or grass bed. For underwater structure, it can also refer to the outside line of a submerged wash or arroyo.
Oligotrophic – Lake classification used to describe young bodies of water characterized by deep, clear, cold, weedless water that can support fish, such as trout.
Organic Baits – Minnows, insects, worms, fish eggs, cut bait, cheese or similar substances.
Overcast – To cast a lure, fly or bait beyond the aimed-for target.
Over-Fishing – Fishing pressure beyond which a sustainable population of fish or stocking effort can be maintained.
Oxbow – A U-shaped bend in a river or stream. If isolated, they can be referred to as an oxbow lake.

Pan Fish – Any of a variety of species of fish that resemble the shape of a frying pan, thus the name. Often applies to sunfish, crappie, perch, other small fish or small sizes of other species.
Pattern – Can describe where active fish are holding, or what techniques are working to catch fish, especially larger fish. For instance, pattern fishing could involve using shallow-running crankbaits on all the major points of a lake or Carolina-rigged worms on all main lake humps.
PFD – A personal flotation device or life jacket.
PH – A measurement for liquids to determine acidity or alkalinity. On a scale of one to 14, seven is considered neutral. Below sever is acidic and above seven is alkaline. This is a factor in the health or activity levels of fish.
Pick-Up – The act of a bass or other fish taking a slowly-fished lure, such as a plastic worm, crayfish or lizard. It can also be referred to as a “pressure” bite.
Pitching – Fishing technique in which worms or jigs are dropped into cover at close range with an underhand pendulum motion using a long bait-casting rod, and differs from flipping in that with pitching, line is allowed to come out of the reel during the cast.
Pocket – A small indentation in the shoreline, sometimes referred to as a pocket cove.
Point – A finger of land jutting into the water, which if pronounced, can form a peninsula. Some points are submerged and not visible at the surface but can often be detected in depth finders. Points often hold fish; they can become good ambush spots for predatory fish.
Popper – Top-water plug with a dished-out head designed to make a splash when pulled sharply to imitate a wounded baitfish struggling on the surface.
Possession Limit – The maximum limit or amount of a fish species set by regulation that may be possessed at one time by any one person.
Post-Spawn – The period immediately following a spawn. Post-spawn fish recovering from the spawn can often be lethargic. Post-spawn fish that have recovered from the spawn are typically hungry and aggressive.
Power Bait – Brand names of commercially prepared scented baits
Presentation – A collective term referring to a combination of choices a fisherman makes, such as the choice of lure, color, and size, the type of pole and/or tackle used, the structure targeted, the casting technique, the retrieval technique (slow, medium, fast, stop-and-go) and even where the bait is worked in the water column (deep, shallow, top-water).
Prespawn – The period of time immediately before the spawn when fish are often feeding more aggressively.
Pro – Professional anglers: those elite fishermen who make a living at fishing, typically by fishing tournaments.
Put-In – Denotes a boat launching area for the start of a float trip.
Put-and-Take – Refers to a fishery where catchable-sized fish are stocked (typically trout but not exclusively) and caught by anglers in a relatively short period of time. For instance, the state’s urban program lakes are prime examples of popular put-and-take fisheries.

Ramp – Also referred to as a boat ramp or launch ramp. It is the launch-retrieve area for a boat.
Rainbow Trout – A member of the salmon/trout family. Rainbows are not native to Arizona.
Rat-L-Trap – A brand of lipless crankbait.
Redd – An individual nest or depression in the gravel excavated by trout other members of the trout and salmon family for depositing eggs. Multiple Redds make up a bed.
Reservoir – Artificially created lake where water is collected and stored; also called an impoundment.
Re-Stocking – The practice of releasing hatchery-reared fish from the hatcheries into ponds, streams, rivers, or lakes.
Riprap – A man-made stretch of rocks or material of a hard composition that usually extends above and below the shoreline, often found near dams of big impoundments.
Riverbank – The bank or banks of a river.
Riverbed – The area or channel between the banks through which a river flows.

Saddle – A thin piece of land that extends out (sometimes an extended point) from the shoreline and connects to an island (sometimes underwater), reef or a hump. Submerged saddles can hold lots of fish.
Salmon Eggs – A type of egg bait typically used for trout fishing.
Sassy Shad – A brand of soft-plastic lure that resembles a shad.
Seine Net – A rectangular fishing net designed to hang vertically in the water, the ends being drawn together to encircle fish.
Selective Harvest – Deciding to release or keep fish based on species, size, relative abundance, or culinary plans.
Shad – Any of several species of forage fish that have a rather deep body. In Arizona, the most common is the threadfin shad.
Shiner – A member of the shiner family often used for bait. The most common in Arizona is the gold shiner.
Shoal – A submerged ridge, bank, or bar.
Shore-Fishing – Fishing from the shore, as opposed to fishing from a boat or wading.
Short Strike – When a fish hits at a lure and misses it.
Slack Line – The loose line from the tip of the rod to the lure. This can be a slight bow in the line to an excess of line lying on the water. The opposite is fishing with a tight line, such as when using a drop shot outfit.
Sight-cast – The technique of casting and fishing when the fish are spotted first.
Size Limit – The legal length a fish must be is it is in possession (kept). Some fisheries have slot limits, where fish in the specified slot size range cannot be possessed.
Skipping – A method of suing small lures and casting them hard and at a low angle to the water to make them skip, like a flat stone.
Slip-Float – A float rigged with a tin stop or bead on the line to make it stop at a pre-determined depth.
Slip-Sinker – A lead, zinc or steel weight with a hole through the center that allows it to slide freely up and down the fishing line. A slip sinker provides the weight for casting, yet allows the bait to move freely.
Slot – A fishing size limit where the angler may keep fish shorter than a minimum length but longer than an upper length limit. For instance, a slot limit of 13 to 16 inches means you must, by regulation practice catch-and-release on the fish in the slot. Slot limits are special regulations used on specific bodies of water.
Slough – A long, narrow stretch of water such as a small stream or feeder tributary off a lake or river.
Slow Roll (or slow rolling) – A spinnerbait presentation in which the lure is retrieved slowly through and over cover and objects. A trailer bait is often on the hook.
Smallmouth Bass – A black bass, primarily bronze in color, whose jaw does not extend beyond the eye and is found in clear rivers and lakes. They are also called bronzebacks, brown bass, river bass, or smallies.
Snagging – A method of catching fish by jerking an unbaited hook through the water. In Arizona, snagging is not legal except for carp.
Soft Bottom – River or lake bottoms which are comprised of soft material, such as silt, mud, or muck.
Sonar – An acronym derived from the expression “sound navigation and ranging.” Refers to the method or equipment for determining by underwater sound techniques the presence, location or nature of objects in the water. Fish finders use sonar.
Spider Trolling – Trolling with several rods at once.
Spincaster – A manner of fishing employing a push-button, closed-faced spinning reel or bait casting rod; the reel is mounted topside on the rod.
Spin-Casting – Sometimes called American spinning, or closed face spinning. Uses a fixes spool enclosed in a nose cone so the line leaving the reel’s nose cone comes out straight.
Spinnerbait – An artificial bait consisting of a leadhead and one or two rotating blades and either a straight or a safety-pin style shaft dressed with material (often called a skirt).
Spinning – A manner of fishing employing an open-face or closed-face spinning reel and spinning rod; reel is mounted on the underside of the rod and the rod guides are also on the underside of the rod.
Spinning reel – A fixed spool reel, generally referring to open-faces spinning.
Split shot – A style of finesse fishing employing a split shot weight up the line typically 6 to 18 inches above a small artificial worm, lizard, crawfish or grub, usually rigged Texas-style (hook concealed in the bait).
Spook – Alarming a fish, such as making too much noise, movement or casting a shadow so fish become “spooked.”
Stained – A discoloration of the water usually occurring after a heavy rain or significant runoff. Some shorelines can have stained water from wind and rain action causing shoreline erosion. Bass especially can often hide and feed in those bands of discoloration.
Starboard – the right side of a boat or ship.
Stick Bait – A slender plug or topwater lure that is given action by the angler manipulating the rod and reel, sometimes making the bait go back-and-forth to resemble a wounded shad, which is called “walking the dog.”
Stickups – Tips of trees and brush that “stick up” from the water and provide structure, primarily for bass fishing.
Still-Fishing – Fishing from one spot; primarily refers to shore-fishing from a single location.
Stink bait – Bait, such as chicken liver, that puts odor into the water, typically for catfishing.
Stinger-Hook – An additional hook placed on a lure, spinnerbait or bait rig; also called a trailer hook.
Stocking – The practice of releasing hatchery raised fish into ponds, reservoirs, streams or rivers. Stocking is often necessary in waters where the fishing pressure exceeds the natural fish reproduction capabilities.
Stragglers – Bass that remain behind following a general migration.
Strain – A group of related individuals created through selective breeding and that is genetically different from other strains of the same species.
Stream – A body of running water.
Streambed – The channel being occupied or formerly occupied by a stream.
Striped Bass – A member of the true bass family along with white bass and yellow bass. In Arizona, they are found in the Colorado River chain of lakes such as Powell, Mead, Mohave and Havasu, but are also found in Lake Pleasant.
Structure – Changes in the shape of the bottom of lakes, rivers, or impoundments, especially those that influence fish behavior. Examples include flooded roadbeds, washes, arroyos, humps, ledges and drop-offs.
Sunfish – Any of a dozens of members of the sunfish family, including largemouth bass, bluegill, redear and crappie.
Suspended Fish – Fish at mid-level depths, neither on the surface nor on the bottom.
Swim Bladder – A gas-filled sac found in the upper part of the body cavity of many bony fishes.
Swimming Lures – Sinking-type artificial baits designed to resemble a swimming baitfish. Such plus vibrate or wobble during retrieve and some have built-in rattles. Also called lipless crankbaits.

Tail-Spinners – Compact, lead-bodied lures with one or two spinner blades attached to the tail and a treble hook suspended from the body.
Tagging – Marking or attached a tag to an individual or group of individual fish so that it can be identified on recapture. Tagging is used by a biologist to study the movement, migration, population size or activity patterns of fish.
Take-Out – A term describing the point where boats are taken out of the water at the end of a float trip.
Terminal Tackle – Angling equipment, excluding artificial baits, attached to the end of a fishing line; examples include hooks, snaps, swivels, snap-swivels, sinkers, floats, and plastic beads.
Texas Rig – The method of securing a hook to a soft-plastic bait, such as a worm, lizard or crawfish, so that the hook is weedless (doesn’t protrude). Typically, a slip sinker (often a bullet sinker) is threaded onto the line and then a hook is tied to the end of the fish line. The hook (often an offset hook) is inserted into the head of the soft-plastic bait for about one-quarter of an inch and brought through until only the eye is still embedded in the soft-plastic bait. The hook is then rotated and the point is embedded slightly into the body of the soft-plastic worm without coming out the opposite side. Many anglers try to ensure the bait stays straight once it is Texas-rigged.
Thermocline – A distinct layer of water where rising warm and sinking cold water meet but do not mix. It is a layer of water where the temperature changes at least one-half a degree per foot of depth. In many of our desert bass lakes, a thermocline often develops during the spring and breaks down in the fall. The colder layer of water is often lacking in oxygen, forcing most baitfish and sport-fish to the upper layer of water. Thermoclines can be so dense that they actually show up on sonar (fish finders and depth finders) as a thick, impenetrable line.
Tight-Action Plug – A lure with short, rapid side-to-side movement. Typically used when fish are more active in spring, summer and fall.
Tiptop – Line guide at the tip end of a fishing rod.
Topwater – The technique of using topwater lures for catching fish, especially bass at the water’s surface. Topwater lures are floating hard baits or plugs that create some degree of surface disturbance during the retrieve, typically mimicking struggling or wounded baitfish on the surface.
Trailer Hook – The extra hook or cheater hook added to a single-hook lure, such as a spinnerbait or weedless spoon. Also called a stinger hook.
Transducer — A device that converts electrical energy to sound energy, or the reverse. Typically associated with depth finders or fish finders.
Transition – These are where one type of bottom material or structure changes to another, for instance, a rock pile to solid rock, or sand to gravel. There can also be transition zones, such as mud lines where a river enters a lake. Fish can often be found in transition zones.
Treble Hook – A hook with a single or bundled shaft and three points.
Tributary – A creek, stream, or river that feeds a larger stream or river, or lake.
Triggering – Using a lure-retrieval technique that causes a sport-fish to react and strike. For instance, quickly speeding up a retrieve and then stopping. Can also referred to as causing a reaction bite.
Trolling – Towing a lure or several lures behind a boat. When a fish is caught on the trolled lure, the boat is typically stopped and the fish is reeled in.
Tubing – A float fishing term that means to float down a river, stream or using a float tube in a lake while fishing.

Ultralight – Lighter than standard fishing rod and/or tackle.

Ventral Fin – The paired fin located on the front of a fish’s abdomen.

Water Column – Vertical section of the lake.
Water Dog – Any of several large salamanders (the larval or aquatic stage). They are popular as live bait.
Weedguard – A protective device on fishing hooks to prevent picking up weeds.
Weedless – A description of a lure designed to be fished in heavy cover with a minimum amount of snagging. Various strategies are often employed to make a lure weedless.
Weed Line – Abrupt edge of an aquatic weed-bed caused by a change in depth, bottom type, or other factor.
Weigh-In – Term typically applied to the weighing in of fish at a tournament.
Wet Fly – A fly fished underwater.
White Bass – A type of true bass that is only found at Lake Pleasant in Arizona. White bass are related to striped bass and yellow bass. None of these bass are native Arizona fish.
Worm-fishing – The act of using worms, either natural or man-made, to catch fish, although the term worming typically refers to the act of using artificial worms to catch fish.
Wooly Worm– A popular type of wet fly often used by fly anglers fishing lakes.

Year Class – Fish of a given species that were all spawned in the same year or at the same time.
Yellow Bass – A specific species in the true bass family. In Arizona, yellow bass are found in Apache, Canyon and Saguaro lakes along the Salt River.
Yellow Cat – a flathead catfish.
Young-Of-The-Year – refers to fish in their first year of life, often referring to immature fish.

Zooplankton – Animals (mostly microscopic) that drift freely in the water column.
Z-ray – A brand name of heavy spoon typically used in trout fishing.
Zug Bug – A type of wet fly or fly pattern commonly used by fly fishers in lakes.